This articulate and provocative disquisition is must reading for anyone fascinated by one of the most important contemporary social challenges. Queerness needs no justification, so it seems of the book is useless to me. Those caveats aside, this is a well written and well argued book. What's more, it seems that sexual practices amongst several species include more than just a coupling of male and female for the purpose of procreation. Roughgarden recounts stories of Two-Spirited people in the Americas, the Mahu in Polynesia, the Hijras and others in India, eunuchs in the Roman Empire, transgender in the Bible, Mukhannathun in early Islam, sexual relations in ancient Greece and the Bible, Tomboi in Indonesia, Vestidas in Mexico City, and Guevedoche in the Dominican Republic.
That being said, I think that everyone should read the zoology sections. She persuasively heaps evidence against assumption after misguided assumption, building her case ultimately to question the key tenet of evolutionary biology: competition drives change over long periods of time. This title explains how this diversity develops from the action of genes and hormones and how people come to differ from each other in all aspects of body and behavior. I suspect that this is simply a case where Dr. Shamans always serve as the bridge, the connector, between Spirit and human needs and interests. And it's not just strong relative to the rest of the book, it is truly a superlative work.
I think Roughgarden is on her strongest ground when she argues that gender diversity in nature is far broader than even science usually represents it as. The cell developmental bio was odd. Fair enough on both points, lady. I found Roughgarden fairly persuasive, although she lost me when she got into the extreme biological nerdery. This point was much more fuzzily caught by me, because my understanding of this part of the theory is pretty surface. What's most important - my views have diverged a lot from before I read this book. It ends with a six point Trans Agenda stating clearly minimum needs for the safety and progress of trans people in the United States today.
Roughgarden argues that principal elements of Darwinian sexual selection theory are false and suggests a new theory that emphasizes social inclusion and control of access to resources and mating opportunity. I also commend her crusade to combat heterosexism and bigotry; nevertheless, I still find myself remaining skeptical of her claims against sexual selection. Will we see an updated version from Joan Roughgarden soon? A significant portion of this book is dedicated to breaking down the gender and sexuality binary in the animal world. I also commend her crusade to combat heterosexism and bigotry; nevertheless, I still find myself remaining skeptical of her claims against sexual selection. . Instead, some subcellular negotiation was required to form our cells to being with, and may still take place.
This is an impossible task for one book, considering that more than a dozen books have been written about Two Spirited people, for example, which is just one cultural take on gender. I didn't find much of this novel, probably because I consider myself somewhat of an amateur ichthyologist, and most of these early examples involved reef creatures I was already familiar with, but Roughgarden still presents it in a way that it is compelling and flows well with the earlier portion of the book on sex. Evolution's Rainbow concludes with bold recommendations for improving education in biology, psychology, and medicine; for. Roughgarden argues that principal elements of Darwinian sexual selection theory are false and suggests a new theory that emphasizes social inclusion and control of access to resources and mating opportunity. My only complaint is that it's ten years old now the new edition included no text changes, only a new forward , and much of the research and politics are out-of-date.
The first chapters of this book permanently changed the way I think about gender. Some males, however, are not interested in hot ram-on-ram action. And stop stretching things and inaccurately applying your paradigms to make points, even if they're points I agree with? The merit of this book lies in convincing the reader that gender is not necessarily affixed to sex, that gender need not be a binary phenomenon. This book is more engaging for what it could be than what it is. In this innovative celebration of diversity and affirmation of individuality in animals and humans, Joan Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. Offers a discussion of diversity in gender and sexuality among fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, including primates. She leads the reader through a fascinating discussion of diversity in gender and sexuality among fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, including primates.
While I have some reservations regarding the scientific vigor of these chapters, I do feel the writer has made her point about the diversity of gender and sexuality. She then reviews the gender differences that have been reported and puts them into context for the reader. Roughgarden is incredibly biased, and she admits as much from the get-go. She doesn't care about your gonads, your hormones, your gender presentation, or your plumbing when she speaks of biological sex; she only cares about your gamete size. They may benefit from the author's argument. Anyone familiar with knows that nature has a lot of ways of doing gender, but Roughgarden goes further.
I was skeptical after the first chapter of this book about whether the author's presentation of data would be objective. As she points out, theories are affected by cultural assumptions. She dares social science to respect the agency and rationality of diverse people; shows that many cultures across the world and throughout history accommodate people we label today as lesbian, gay, and transgendered; and calls on the Christian religion to acknowledge the Bible's many passages endorsing diversity in gender and sexuality. The entire book contests the Darwinian theory of sexual selection, as well as modern medical and psychological approaches to gender and diversity in general. Some of the information in here and really important and I hope that someday a more accessible version of this material is published. These are not at all in conflict. Some chapters in particular seemed to be included so that she could share her opinions on a given topic that didn't necessarily feel as if it contributed to her overall arguments.
It skims wonderful ideas, but tries to take on too much, encompassing gender and sexuality in culture, zoology, and human biology. As I read this book, I found myself rooting in favor of her campaign to explain and embrace the diversity of gender and sexuality found throughout the natural world. Roughgarden argues that because we assume that animals are bi-gendered, bi-sexed, and 'naturally' heterosexual, we by which she means both the population at large, and the scientific community miss or misrepresent what is actually going on. A very fascinating read all around - the first third has a lot of technical information, which I actually appreciate, even if I don't completely understand what is being said about the effects of chromosomes and genes and their interaction, or if I have a hard time digesting statistical data. She spends a lot of time at the beginning laying out dozens of examples of non-binary social and sexual arrangements in nature. My professor might not like her, but I think she raises important questions that need to be investigated. That being said, I thi This book is more engaging for what it could be than what it is.