The african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r. CAB Direct 2019-02-01

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the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

From United Kingdom to U. We conclude that, at least in a shorter time perspective, the tested type of conservation tillage seems to boost productivity during already good seasons, rather than stabilize harvests during poor rainfall seasons. This program led to an extra 280,000 to 420,000 t maize produced. The common denominator among these development economists it is that institutions are weak and absorptive capacity therefore is lacking. The results show that the levels of fertilizer application and machinery use are more significant in affecting food supply in Asia than in Africa with respect to the four variables.

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the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

It concludes by showing that policy models must be tailored to the local situation and be based on what is feasible rather than on what is considered desirable. Lilongwe Malawi : Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security; 2005. Knowledge exists to increase smallholder maize productivity and sharply reduce food insecurity. This structuralist approach is complemented within the discipline by a multitude of agency-based studies that have their origin in the experience of regime transition in southern Europe and Latin America in the past 20 years. This multidimensional definition and use of governance has made it difficult to apply in academic studies. Social obligations are typically ignored in the theories that guide agricultural development policy.

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Beyond Biophysical Recommendations: Towards a New Paradigm

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

For this reason, he and his collaborators within the United Nations system have been active in establishing Millennium Villages that are meant to be effective implementation entities and thus showcase a new and different approach. Soil fertility and hunger in Africa. Another is that political scientists have typically looked at how economic variables shape political ones, rather than the other way around, as implied in the current governance agenda. Each provides different answers to how and by whom limited water resources best could and should be managed. One reason is that economists continue to dominate the international development policy agenda. Improvements to fertilizer use efficiency and more targeted, locally refined recommendations need to be deployed.

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0851999980

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

It has adopted a range of strategies and approaches spanning from the application of modernization theory in the 1960s to providing support for services aimed at meeting basic human needs and on to neo-liberal market theories and good governance. Chapter: 3 Page no: 25 Author s : Jirström, M. There is, therefore, a renewed interest in local water allocation arrangements and how they function. This procedure, which employs equations that determine irrigation and crop water requirements, is found embedded in irrigation thinking and planning methodologies throughout the irrigation world. In: Djurfeldt G, Holmen H, Jirstrom M, Larsson R, editors. The balance can be attributed to the use of improved seed, fertilizer application, and related extension advice.

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Input Subsidies to Improve Smallholder Maize Productivity in Malawi: Toward an African Green Revolution

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

The authors note that recent trends have shown the emergence of two quite different approaches to the validity question within the literature on qualitative research. What Matters for Policy: Economics or Politics? Results show that India is approaching farm structures that are typical of East and South East Asia, with pluriactive smallholders as the norm. Being the poorest region and definitely occupying a peripheral place in the world economy, the prospects for democracy, according to this literature, are by definition the slimmest. Colleen Zamba is with the United Nations Development Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi. Baby corn + pea 2:2 followed by baby corn + chickpea 2:2 seemed to be the best intercropping systems in terms of yield advantages and economic returns. So, what significant insights in regard to governance and poverty reduction in Africa have they failed to include? Based on case studies of eight African and eight Asian countries focusing on the early part of the Green Revolution , this book presents a causal and explanatory model of Asian green revolutions. Chapter: 10 Page no: 181 Author s : Oluoch-Kosura, W.

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the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

This applies to a study by Przeworski and Limongi , who show that economic variables do not explain the transition from authoritarianism but at least have a positive correlation with the survival of democracies. For a way out, the paper examines the relative merits of statistical, comparative, and case study approaches to studying the commons. As there are concerns about longer-term phosphorus deficiency in the absence of phosphorus application, this measure should be viewed as an interim solution only. This model also allows foreign aid to become demand instead of supply driven. The International Plant Genetic Resources Institute is currently conducting studies on the usefulness of this plant, and how to apply it to Africa's current problems. Thus, in both years, the rainfall effect appears to account for 25%—32% of the yield increase. .

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African Food Crisis : Goran Djurfeldt : 9780851999982

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

The immediate need of providing food trumps sound enviornmental practices. Solutions There is a lot of focus on Africa, and many of the solutions offered are based on technological advances. However, these positive results were generally not sustained with the advent of donor-driven structural adjustment and the dismantling of government-supported institutions and subsidies. The power of this theory stems from its success elsewhere, especially Asia. This booklet presents the results of a 4 years project 2011-2015 by four geograph-ers from the university of Stockholm. In contrast to the proposition of the 'tragedy of the commons' argument, common pool problems sometimes are solved by voluntary organizations rather than by a coercive state.

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African Food Crisis : Goran Djurfeldt : 9780851999982

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

Weeding increased yields by reducing competition and yield losses thereby increasing land efficiency and productivity. It was also found that although much emphasis and many resources have been expended in transforming local water rights and water related organisations to formal registered ones, the former have remained popular and water users feel more affiliated to local arrangements. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. The up-scaling of such arrangements requires an understanding of why they emerge, how they function and how they are sustained. The water legislation and the formal water management system seem neither to be set up to facilitate the active participation of local communities in water management, nor to facilitate the development of a water market. Anecdotal evidence pointed to a modest increase in maize prices in some markets during August—October 2007 due to procurement for export to Zimbabwe.

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Poverty and Hunger Special Feature: Governance and poverty reduction in Africa

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

What Waters had to say about peasant's life, that it is not centered on specific bureaucratic goals, but more generally on growing enough food, having a large extended clan, and enjoying and protecting the family, is also applicable to the many millions of Africans who have migrated into urban slums. Trends and patterns in fertilizer use by smallholder farmers in Kenya, 1997—2007. The general question that this paper addresses is: which institutional arrangements can be devised to re- establish an equilibrium between up- and downstream entities within a catchment area or river basin? The first hybrids were released in 1958 and by the 1990s were adopted by about a quarter of Malawi's smallholders. It also examines the implications of the case studies for future development in Africa. In the broader cluster of 11 Millennium Villages around and including Mwandama, 11,000 farmers averaged a yield of 5. Malawi's experience will continue to provide valuable lessons for achieving and sustaining Africa's Green Revolution.

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The African Food Crisis: Lessons from the Asian Green Revolution by Göran Djurfeldt, Hans Holmén, Magnus Jirström and Rolf Larsson

the african food crisis djurfeldt g holmen h jirstrom m larsson r

Women's role in subsistence farming in Africa has mostly been analyzed through the lens of gender division of labor. Lindberg , joining others, e. The Institute provides a point of coordination and synergizes existing research, capacity and expertise to advance understanding of how climate, land management and the development of natural resources affect water resources and security in West Virginia, the United States and around the world. Meta-analysis of maize yield response to woody and herbaceous legumes in the sub-Saharan Africa. However, each year of implementation has resulted in design improvements that are now inspiring other countries to emulate the Malawi experience. Problems African agriculture itself is in crisis: according to the International Food Policy Research Institute, 200 million people on the African continent are malnourished. Water competition, variability and river basin governance: A critical analysis of the Great Ruaha River, Tanzania.

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