It is a battle almost as important as any fought in the field. The Nazis and then the Japanese triumphed again and again. Further to the provision of the Personal Information Protection Act, personal information is kept confidential by TheTyee. With U-boats already massing off the East Coast, military commanders began to fear that the German navy would try to sink one of the massive troop transports scheduled to pull out from Halifax harbour for England. That's because the propagandists in both wars emphasized heroic combat with the messy bits airbrushed out , and the censors made sure that Canadians at home heard as little as possible that might be of value to the enemy. His interest in Great Lakes shipwrecks was kindled by the loss of four of his paternal cousins in the sinking of the off Cleveland during the Great Depression. Bourrie was a summer student reporter at and and a student reporter at before taking a job on in 1979 as assistant business editor and news reporter.
Bourrie's book, written in good journalistic prose, is an entertaining one to read. Source: Library and Archives Canada. Life for the censors was complicated still further by some of Quebec's francophone media. How could Canadians be prepared to face the hardships of war if they were spoon-fed only pap? Japanese balloon bombs drifting over the Rockies and onto the Canadian Prairies. It raises important questions about how journalists should react when faced with difficult obstacles to their primary mission of reporting the truth. It would have been very easy to paint the cesnosrs as pseudo-fascists and the journalists as dupes, but Bourrie wisely avoids the temptation to over-simplify.
He holds a diploma in public policy and administration from the , a master's degree in journalism from , a doctorate in Canadian media history from the and degree in from the University of Ottawa. When subscribing to a newsletter edition you'll also get early notice on Tyee events, news, promotions, partner messages and special initiatives. Unlike other Second World War belligerents, Canada conducted its press censorship on the honour system. Montreal Mayor Camillien Houde was thrown in jail for his political statements; that ensured him re-election after the war. Bourrie's book provides a fascinating account of World War Two censorship and the relationship between government, bureaucrats, the military and journalists who all helped shape the Canadian story of the war. Best of all, the book reconstructs the entertaining story of how the press and ordinary citizens coped with the neces Mark Bourrie is a writer, historian, and former Concordia University lecturer. Nazi spies landing on Canadian shores by raft after launching from submarines.
It was effectively voluntary: the government had weapons—threats of fines, imprisonment and closure—but its formally powerless Press Censorship Branch merely pointed out which proposed stories ran risks. He continues writing for mass media and legal publications on defamation and expression issues, propaganda and censorship. While one wants to imagine a fifth estate of fedora-wearing 1940s-era reporters boldly trying to outwit a uniformed corps of strict, draconian censors, more often than not, the censors are the heroes of The Fog of War. Measures have been enacted to ensure the integrity of personal information and to protect it from misuse, loss or alteration. It was an extraordinary and embarrassing incident, and the censors clamped down hard on it. One spy, dropped off by a U-boat, was almost immediately identified by a 14-year-old hotel clerk: The spy was using obsolete Canadian cash and smoking German cigarettes. Such stories more than make up for the errors and terrible proofreading, and Bourrie's book, written in good journalistic prose, is an entertaining one to read.
For a time, Free French leader Charles De Gaulle considered establishing his government-in-exile in Montreal. Granatstein acknowledges the archival work and contribution to knowledge embodied by the focus on censorship policy, etc. They do this in peacetime and, with the stakes much higher, they do it in wartime. U-boat attacks in the St. Obeying a whim of Winston Churchill's, Canada shackled some German prisoners of war; this led to a battle between hundreds of PoWs and Canadian militia in a camp at Bowmanville, Ontario. Life for the censors was complicated still further by some of Quebec's francophone media. Chief censor Wilfrid Eggleston had been a political columnist before the war, and he carried a militant commitment to a free press.
His 1979 eyewitness account of an in , , helped earn his newspaper, The London Free Press, a National Newspaper Award nomination. But it's complicated -- Quebecers aren't the only ones objecting to our involvement in Afghanistan, and the present war is no existential threat to Canada. All information submitted to The Tyee is only available to employees or sub-contractors who are bound by agreement with The Tyee to keep the information private. An adaption of Bourrie's master's thesis, on the role of the Canadian media in the banning of cannabis was published by Key Porter as Hemp in 2004. Those with an interest in wartime Halifax-Dartmouth will find surprising nuggets of information about censorship and the German U-boat menace. He is a contract lecturer in Carleton University's History department and the University of Ottawa's Canadian Studies department.
Bourrie's best chapter deals with Tommy Shoyama. Only someone totally ignorant of the raid's military history and published literature would have accepted such nonsense at face value. In the First World War, Canadian censorship had gone overboard, even banning recordings of Deutschland Über Alles. Issues weren't clear-cut in the Second World War, and they still aren't. E-mail addresses are only used for the purposes of Tyee-related correspondence or comment moderation. Something similar occurred when, in November, 1944, the Mackenzie King government ordered 16,000 home defence conscripts overseas to meet the infantry shortages at the front in Italy and Northwest Europe.
Readers can also interact with The Globe on and. People living on the shore could watch freighters being sunk and U-boats pursued -- but they wouldn't read anything about it in their papers. The publication concentrates on news that is normally missed by media that focuses on partisan politics. Nor did they read much about German espionage. He also wrote for the , the United Nations-sponsored news and feature service. Mark Bourrie is an Ottawa-based historian and journalist.
To see excerpts of them, visit the book's entry at amazon. This may well be the book of record on Canadian Second World War censorship — a text that will be cited by theses and research papers for decades to come — but it occasionally descends into dry back-and-forths between censors and newspapers. His collection of Canada's best war correspondence from the time of the Vikings until the deployment of Canadian peacekeepers in the Balkans in the 1990s, Fighting Words, was published by Dundurn Press in the fall of 2012. He was Parliamentary correspondent for the from 1994 until 2006. Think about Canada at home during that war, and you likely won't think about much: Conscription, the deportation of Japanese Canadians from B. Really, how can anyone have any faith in the presentation and analysis of evidence concerning the censorship side when the military history side is so marred by repeated substantive inaccuracies and ignorance? The Nazis and then the Japanese triumphed again and again.